The Future of the Two-State Solution

Some people could argue that the Israeli government’s continued policy of settlements in the Occupied Territories, in open defiance of large parts of the international community and also of Israel’s staunchest ally (the U.S.), reflects Israel’s disinterest in a two-state solution for the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

What about the other party in the conflict? What about the Palestinians? Do they support the two-state solution?

This excerpt from an article by Nathan J. Brown and Daniel Nerenberg offers some interesting insights:

“But there are two other less visible but far more profound trends under way that may make the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians take new and less manageable forms. First, the institutions that have emerged over decades to speak on Palestinians’ behalf and lead them have lost their moral claims in the eyes of their own people. They are seen as ineffective and even co-opted; while they continue to occupy positions of authority, they can no longer lead. Supplanting the old guard is a new moral leadership, not linked to institutional politics, concentrating on a set of tactics to undermine the occupation and entertain new possible goals — perhaps unthinkable now — for Palestinian politics. Second is another portentous development: the whole raison d’être of the Palestinian national movement, the effort to build a Palestinian state, no longer exercises its hold. There is debate among Palestinians about ultimate goals and strategy, with the two-state solution and diplomacy losing their prominence. But nothing is clearly replacing them. There is some growing interest in various one-state alternatives somehow combining Israelis and Palestinians. But more significant is the tendency to defer questions of solutions in favor of developing tactics that can improve the Palestinian position — such as new forms of resistance and boycott.”

If this is the case, what form will these forms of resistance take? Will they be peaceful? Will they be violent instead?

The full article can be read here

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