Egypt: The Uprising that Failed

Last Tuesday, the New York-based human rights organization Human Rights Watch (HRW) released a report on the unrest that followed the ousting of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi by the military on 3 July 2013. The 188-page report is the result of a year-long investigation by the human rights group.

Perhaps its major finding is that senior Egyptian officials, including Egypt’s current president, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, were implicated in what the report calls the “widespread and systematic” killings of protesters. HRW also found that the killings of demonstrators by the police and the armed forces “likely amounted to crimes against humanity.” The report finally argues that official statements released during the unrest makes clear that the attacks “were ordered by the government”.

The entire text of the report can be accessed here: All According to Plan

The findings of the HRW report begs the question:

Where was the international community when these “crimes against humanity” occurred?


A follow-up:

On 14 August 2013, after the Egyptian security forces’ deadly attacks against Muslim Brotherhood demonstrators examined in the HRW report, then-Vice President for International Affairs Mohamed ElBaradei submitted his resignation. ElBaradei explained that:

“I believed that there were acceptable peaceful alternatives to resolve our societal confrontation that could have stood a chance at achieving national reconciliation,” he added. “Violence begets violence, and mark my words, the only beneficiaries from what happened today are extremist groups.”





  1. Charles

    Clearly Sisi is no better than Morsi was no better than Mubarak was not better than Sadat. Human Rights Watch forget that Morsi made himself the new Pharaoh
    granting himself unlimited powers and the power to legislate without judicial oversight or review of his acts, unleashing Muslim Brotherhood gangs to attack journalists, nonviolent demonstrators, and ethnic & religious minorities.

    What is interesting for this group is Egyptian civil-military relations, the role of Great Powers (the problem of regime legitimacy for US foreign policy, the opportunity this presents to Russia), Egypt’s turmoil and its impact on its neighbours, most notably Gaza and Israel to the East and Libya in the West, and whether the multiple crises in the Middle East (Egypt, Gaza, Syria, Iraq) will blow up any further into a systemic war.


  2. Scarlet

    Human Rights Watch is a reputable institution so their “findings” are most likely be based on sound evidence. This would have far-reaching implications and serious consequences..


  3. Pingback: Democratic Autocrats | Web Agora

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